You can find some more info on Polarization in the Star Wars movies by George Lucas and also by reading some posts by Steve Pavlina's polarization articles.
It kind of comes down to this: How much do you take into account other peoples free will? If you have a worldview that most people need to be enslaved for their own good, you have bought into negative polarity. To the degree that you make yourself, your life, your actions consistent with the logical ramifications of this, is the degree in which you are polarized negatively.
There are aspects of negative polarity in both the Democratic and Republican party and in organized religions, both the so-called "right wing" and "left wing."
Positive polarization is a little "difficult" in some ways and less efficient. It involves harmonising your free will with the free wills of others. Its a libertarian position, anarchist you could say.
Anyone who has reached a high level of spiritual development tends to be polarized either to the light or the dark according to this scheme.
Getting people to polarize either one way or the other is the age old battle between good and evil.
Evil is oriented to the ego construct, which is based on seperation and scarcity. Its also oriented to autocratic, top down, centralized control systems. These two things go together due to the fact that the best way for a little isolated ego to control others is through systems of autocratic top down control.
This mindset is associated with a basic fear and distrust of the rest of creation. So it employs rigid control structures and seeks to impose them upon others.
Contrasted with this is the basic hippy mindset of "free love" and "live and let live" I mean its not just a cliche' Its a mindset based on abundance and freedom. There is something to it that is deeply affirming of the freedom of choice of other beings. I really don't care what other people smoke or who they have sex with, but I also don't care if they want to own guns, make lots of money and eat meat, or say things that hurt other peoples feelings. I put a premium on others ability to exercise free choice.
This puts me at odds with a lot of Left Wingers who, perhaps ironically,also favor autocratic systems of top down control, that would prevent people from owning guns, smoking cigarettes, and for example uttering certain words. I am talking about people who favor punishment for these things.
Most large institutions such as Governmental bodies as well as Most Corporations, favor this type of top-down centralized control. So there is really no dichotomy between left and right in this country. Its a false dichotomy to favor the Federal Government over Corporations and call yourself Left Wing.
It all comes down to desire to control others out of fear of losing control. Control of ones self, in the egoic sense.
The opposite of this is basically art/music and sex. The French call the orgasm "La petite mort" a tiny death. In creative activities there is often a flow, where one loses one self in the activity. Its related to joy. Time flies when you are having fun.
The lack of fear springs from a connectedness based not on reason but on the heart. Love is what connects the seemingly separated World. To quote St. Paul, in Corinthians:
Love is patient, love is kind. It is not jealous, (love) is not pompous, it is not inflated,it is not rude, it does not seek its own interests, it is not quick-tempered, it does not brood over injury,it does not rejoice over wrongdoing but rejoices with the truth.
It bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.